Definition of Hereford Cattle


  •  Hereford cattle are a widely used breed in temperate areas, mainly for beef production.
  • Originally from Herefordshire, England, they are found in the temperate parts of Australia.
  • The breed also enjoys great popularity among ranchers in the desert American Southwest of the United States, as well as in the centre and east of Argentina and in Uruguay.
  • Herefords made up the largest percentage of registered cows among herders in New Zealand.
  • This is a testament to the hardiness of the breed; while originating in cool, moist Britain, they have thrived in much harsher climates.
  • The breed has adapted to a wide range of climates on nearly every continent.
  • Hornless variants with the polled gene are known as the Polled Herefords.
  • Breeding horned and hornless together functions as a genetic dehorner.
  • This is often used as an alternative to a dehorning process, which causes stress and often weight loss.
  • Closely related to the Miniature Hereford, the breed is known for its high-quality meat and its excellent maternal qualities.
  • The Hereford’s temperament is more docile, allowing easier handling than other cattle breeds.
  • Its meat quality is very good, in some strains rivaling that of Angus, another “British Breed”, known for ‘marbling’ (intramuscular fat).
  • The World Hereford Council is based in the United Kingdom; the Secretary General, Mrs. Jan Wills, is from New Zealand.
  • There are currently 19 member countries with 20 Hereford societies and 7 non-member countries with a total of eight societies.